Exploring the Potential of Metal–Organic Frameworks for the Separation of Blends of Fluorinated Gases with High Global Warming Potential

Julio E. Sosa, Carine Malheiro, Paulo J. Castro, Rui P. P.L. Ribeiro, Manuel M. Piñeiro, Frédéric Plantier, José P. B. Mota, João M. M. Araújo, Ana B. Pereiro

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Abstract

The research on porous materials for the selective capture of fluorinated gases (F-gases) is key to reduce their emissions. Here, the adsorption of difluoromethane (R-32), pentafluoroethane (R-125), and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R-134a) is studied in four metal–organic frameworks (MOFs: Cu-benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate, zeolitic imidazolate framework-8, MOF-177, and MIL-53(Al)) and in one zeolite (ZSM-5) with the aim to develop technologies for the efficient capture and separation of high global warming potential blends containing these gases. Single-component sorption equilibria of the pure gases are measured at three temperatures (283.15, 303.15, and 323.15 K) by gravimetry and correlated using the Tóth and Virial adsorption models, and selectivities toward R-410A and R-407F are determined by ideal adsorption solution theory. While at lower pressures, R-125 and R-134a are preferentially adsorbed in all materials, at higher pressures there is no selectivity, or it is shifted toward the adsorption R-32. Furthermore, at high pressures, MOF-177 shows the highest adsorption capacity for the three F-gases. The results presented here show that the utilization of MOFs, as tailored made materials, is promising for the development of new approaches for the selective capture of F-gases and for the separation of blends of these gases, which are used in commercial refrigeration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200107
Number of pages11
JournalGlobal Challenges
Volume7
Issue number1
Early online date21 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • F-gases
  • gas separation
  • HFCs
  • porous materials
  • refrigerants

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