Exploring LARG Management Concepts Within Business Model CANVAS: A Theoretical Approach

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As the global business landscape dramatically alters, there needs to be a similar change in the way organizations are performing and in which supply chain strategies are determined. One interesting debate has centered on the relative merits of lean, agile, resilient and green (LARG) philosophies and how they can contribute to building a companies competitive advantage. Combining the existing understanding of concepts - Business Model (BM) and LARG principles - this paper focuses on the multidisciplinary area of LARG in business models and adds insights to the discussion about BM tools and particularly on the Business Model Canvas (BMC) as a framework to develop LARG principles in business settings. Although recognizing the limitations when trying to align LARG principles and the building blocks of BMC, this research aims to contribute to the discussion on creating an ideal type of BM to be adapted to LARG paradigm. To the knowledge of the authors, it is the first attempt to critically review the empirical research articles in LARG and Business Model Canvas (BMC).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-290
JournalInternational Journal of Business and Systems Research
Issue number3
Early online date25 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Business model
  • Business Model Canvas (BMC)
  • LARG paradigm
  • Lean
  • Agile
  • Resilient and Green philosophies


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