The shear strength of concrete-to-concrete interfaces subjected to either shear or normal forces perpendicular to the interface, or to a combination of both, has been predicted using the “shear-friction theory” developed in the 60’s for connections for the precast construction. The “shear-friction theory” has been developed considering shear failure as pure slippage, and not in combination with a tension crack, and it has been adopted in most design codes worldwide. Although several improvements have been made to the original theory in the last 50 years, few have addressed the behaviour of interfaces subjected to a combination of shear and bending moment, where a shear slippage may occur along a tension crack and a compression zone. This is a relevant issue for the design of both cast-in-place and precast reinforced concrete structures. This paper, presents an experimental work addressed to the study of the behaviour of concrete-to-concrete interfaces subjected to a combination of shear and bending moment. The influence of the interface on the global behaviour and shear and bending strengths of a beam specimen are addressed, as well as the application of the design expressions. Results show that the load transfer capacity across the interface is reduced due to the bending moment crack opening, but it has no influence on the shear and the bending strengths of the beam specimen. However, the bending ductility of the latter is partially reduced due to a shear slippage occurred after the formation of a plastic hinge, and the collapse of the compression zone. It was not possible to evaluate the accuracy of the design expressions to predict the interface maximum friction strength. However, the general application of these expressions to this situation is doubtful, as they are incapable to predict the strength deterioration occurred after the yielding of the longitudinal reinforcement.
- Precast construction