Experimental long-term effects of early-childhood and school-age exposure to a conditional cash transfer program

Teresa Molina Millán, Karen Macours, John A. Maluccio, Luis Tejerina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Numerous evaluations of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs show positive short-term impacts, but there is only limited evidence on whether these benefits translate into sustained longer-term gains. This paper uses the municipal-level randomized assignment of a CCT program implemented for five years in Honduras to estimate long-term effects 13 years after the program began. We estimate intent-to-treat effects using individual-level data from the population census, which allows assignment of individuals to their municipality of birth, thereby circumventing migration selection concerns. For the non-indigenous, we find positive and robust impacts on educational outcomes for cohorts of a very wide age range. These include increases of more than 50 percent for secondary school completion rates and the probability of reaching university studies for those exposed at school-going ages. They also include substantive gains for grades attained and current enrollment for others exposed during early childhood, raising the possibility of further gains going forward. Educational gains are, however, more limited for the indigenous. Finally, exposure to the CCT increased the probability of international migration for young men, from 3 to 7 percentage points, also stronger for the non-indigenous. Both early childhood exposure to the nutrition and health components of the CCT as well as exposure during school-going ages to the educational components led to sustained increases in human capital.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102385
JournalJournal of Development Economics
Volume143
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020

Fingerprint

childhood
school
health and nutrition
international migration
human capital
Honduras
census
nutrition
municipality
secondary school
migration
programme
exposure
long-term effect
Conditional cash transfers
Early childhood
university
health
evaluation
evidence

Keywords

  • Conditional cash transfers (CCTs)
  • Early childhood
  • Education
  • Migration

Cite this

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abstract = "Numerous evaluations of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs show positive short-term impacts, but there is only limited evidence on whether these benefits translate into sustained longer-term gains. This paper uses the municipal-level randomized assignment of a CCT program implemented for five years in Honduras to estimate long-term effects 13 years after the program began. We estimate intent-to-treat effects using individual-level data from the population census, which allows assignment of individuals to their municipality of birth, thereby circumventing migration selection concerns. For the non-indigenous, we find positive and robust impacts on educational outcomes for cohorts of a very wide age range. These include increases of more than 50 percent for secondary school completion rates and the probability of reaching university studies for those exposed at school-going ages. They also include substantive gains for grades attained and current enrollment for others exposed during early childhood, raising the possibility of further gains going forward. Educational gains are, however, more limited for the indigenous. Finally, exposure to the CCT increased the probability of international migration for young men, from 3 to 7 percentage points, also stronger for the non-indigenous. Both early childhood exposure to the nutrition and health components of the CCT as well as exposure during school-going ages to the educational components led to sustained increases in human capital.",
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Experimental long-term effects of early-childhood and school-age exposure to a conditional cash transfer program. / Molina Millán, Teresa; Macours, Karen; Maluccio, John A.; Tejerina, Luis.

In: Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 143, 102385, 01.03.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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