Exopolysaccharide production by the marine bacterium Alteromonas macleodii Mo169 using fruit pulp waste as the sole carbon source

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A sugar-rich apple pulp waste generated from fruit processing for juice production was used as the sole carbon source for the cultivation of Alteromonas macleodii Mo169, a marine bacterium known for its EPS-secreting ability. The strain efficiently utilized the glucose and fructose present in the apple pulp waste, reaching biomass and EPS production of 9.20 ± 0.61 and 3.51 ± 0.08 g L−1, respectively, in 24-hour bioreactor cultivation. Two high molecular weight (Mw) fractions (1.7 ± 0.0 and 0.74 ± 0.0 MDa) were detected in the sample recovered from the cell-free supernatant by dialysis. The compositional analysis revealed the presence of glucose (31.1 ± 0.2 mol%), arabinose (23.9 ± 0.1 mol%), mannose (17.3 ± 0.1 mol%), glucosamine (10.3 ± 0.5 mol%), galactose (8.7 ± 0.0 mol%) and galacturonic acid (8.7 ± 0.0 mol%), as well as a high content in sulphate (6.0 ± 0.5 wt%). Given the presence of a high Mw polysaccharide in the apple pulp waste, probably pectin, a fraction of the detected sugar monomers might be attributed to that polymer, which was recovered together with A. macleodii Mo169 EPS. Concomitant with EPS synthesis, there was a viscosity build-up in the cultivation broth, which developed a shear-thinning fluid behaviour not observed in the initial medium. Therefore, this study demonstrates that apple pulp waste can be efficiently converted into a novel polysaccharide by A. macleodii Mo169 in a sustainable bioprocess. Moreover, the EPS sugar and acyl composition, together with its good thickening capacity, render the biopolymer of interest for use in several applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103090
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Technology and Innovation
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • Alteromonas macleodii Mo169
  • Apple pulp waste
  • Blue biotechnology
  • Exopolysaccharide (EPS)


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