Execution of compound multi-kernel OpenCL computations in multi-CPU/multi-GPU environments

Fabio Soldado, Fernando Alexandre, Hervé Paulino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current computational systems are heterogeneous by nature, featuring a combination of CPUs and graphics processing units (GPUs). As the latter are becoming an established platform for high-performance computing, the focus is shifting towards the seamless programming of these hybrid systems as a whole. The distinct nature of the architectural and execution models in place raises several challenges, as the best hardware configuration is behavior and workload dependent. In this paper, we address the execution of compound, multi-kernel, open computing language computations in multi-CPU/multi-GPU environments. We address how these computations may be efficiently scheduled onto the target hardware, and how the system may adapt itself to changes in the workload to process and to fluctuations in the CPU's load. An experimental evaluation attests the performance gains obtained by the conjoined use of the CPU and GPU devices, when compared with GPU-only executions, and also by the use of data-locality optimizations in CPU environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-787
Number of pages20
JournalConcurrency And Computation-Practice & Experience
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • GPU computing
  • heterogeneous computing
  • OpenCL
  • single-system view

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