Evidence for multi-cycle sedimentation and provenance constraints from detrital zircon U–Pb ages: Triassic strata of the Lusitanian basin (western Iberia)

Martim Afonso Ferreira de Sousa Chichorro, M. F. Pereira, C. Gama, José Brandão Silva, G, Gutierrez-Alonso, M. Hofmann, U. (Linnemann, A. Gaertner

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Abstract

Laser ablation ICP-MS U-Pb analyses were conducted on detrital zircons of Triassic sandstone and conglomerate from the Lusitanian basin in order to: i) document the age spectra of detrital zircon; ii) compare U-Pb detrital zircon ages with previous published data obtained from Upper Carboniferous, Ordovician, Cambrian and Ediacaran sedimentary rocks of the pre-Mesozoic basement of western Iberia; iii) discuss potential sources; and iv) test the hypothesis of sedimentary recycling. U-Pb dating of zircons established a maximum depositional age for this deposit as Permian (ca. 296 Ma), which is about sixty million years older compared to the fossil content recognized in previous studies (Upper Triassic). The distribution of detrital zircon ages obtained points to common source areas: the Ossa-Morena and Central Iberian zones that outcrop in and close to the Porto-Tomar fault zone. The high degree of immaturity and evidence of little transport of the Triassic sediment suggests that granite may constitute primary crystalline sources. The Carboniferous age of ca. 330 Ma for the best estimate of crystallization for a granite pebble in a Triassic conglomerate and the Permian-Carboniferous ages (< ca. 315 Ma) found in detrital zircons provide evidence of the denudation of Variscan and Cimmerian granites during the inning of continental rift basins in western Iberia. The zircon age spectra found in Triassic strata are also the result of recycling from the Upper Carboniferous Bucaco basin, which probably acted as an intermediate sediment repository. U-Pb data in this study suggest that the detritus from the Triassic sandstone and conglomerate of the Lusitanian basin is derived from local source areas with features typical of Gondwana, with no sediment from external sources from Laurussia or southwestern Iberia. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-331
JournalTectonophysics
Volume681
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • U-Pb geochronology
  • Pre-Mesozoic basement of Iberia
  • Triassic rift-type basin
  • Gondwana sources
  • Sediment recycling

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