Evaluation of three iterative algorithms for phase modulation regarding their application in concentrating light inside biological tissues for laser induced photothermal therapy

João Guerreiro, Pedro Vieira, João M. P. Coelho

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Abstract

The focusing of light through turbid media like biological tissues is strongly hindered by the scattering of light which limits its safe practice and application in medicine. In order to control this phenomenon, we shaped the incident wavefront using three algorithms including a four-element division algorithm, a partitioning algorithm, and simulated annealing to control, iteratively, a spatial light modulator (SLM). We have tested two different convergence criteria to achieve a focal point inside a turbid environment, made up of a mixture of agar and milk, set to mimic a specific depth of human skin, and provide comparison results. A camera and a lens are used to visualize the focal area and give feedback information to the algorithms. A discussion on the use of these algorithms and convergence criteria is presented, being focused on its convergence time and performance. Depending on the algorithm and operational parameters, improvements of 29% to 46% of the irradiance in the region of interest were accomplished.

Original languageEnglish
Article number355
JournalPhotonics
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Focus light
  • Four-element division algorithm
  • Partitioning algorithm
  • Phase modulation
  • Scattering
  • Simulated annealing algorithm
  • Spatial light modulator
  • Turbid media

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