This study aims to evaluate the implications of the use of maritime pine non-debarked wood chips as an alternative solid fuel in industrial boilers in Portugal, highlighting the energy properties and chemical composition of the produced ash. Several samples are collected from different sources, on which a proximate analysis is carried out in order to determine the volatile matter content, fixed carbon content, ash content and higher heating value (HHV). The chemical composition of the ash samples is determined by the scanning electron microscope (SEM) method. Then, empirical indices were used to assess the utilization of the ash and its tendency to create slagging and fouling deposits in industrial boilers during the combustion process. It was concluded from the obtained results that the use of maritime pine non-debarked wood chips can significantly contribute to the formation of slagging and fouling phenomena in industrial boilers. These phenomena will be responsible for a higher number of technical stoppages of the equipment and for an increase in maintenance costs.
- Energy properties
- Wood chips