Evaluation of gas holes in “Queijo de Nisa” PDO cheese using computer vision

João Dias, Patricia Lage, Ana Garrido, Eliana Machado, Cristina Conceição, Sandra Gomes, António Martins, Ana Paulino, Maria F. Duarte, Nuno Alvarenga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


“Queijo de Nisa” is a traditional Portuguese cheese, granted with PDO label, produced with raw ewe’s milk in which the aqueous extract of cardoon flower Cynara cardunculus L. is the only coagulant allowed. As in similar cheeses with no use of starter cultures or pasteurisation, the quality and food safety are depending on prevention, high hygienic standards and a proper manufacturing process. This study investigated the use of computer vision as novel method for the evaluation of gas holes in Queijo de Nisa in three different ripening dates (0, 15 and 35 days). A total of 48 samples were produced using cardoon flower from three different origins (C1, C2 and C3) and a commercial vegetable coagulant (C4). The results presented a high correlation between image-dependent attributes and physical–chemical properties during ripening time, especially within the first 15 days of ripening time, where major structural changes were observed inside the Queijo de Nisa cheese. Principal component analysis presented a strong correlation (p < 0.05) between image parameters and the physical–chemical evolution until 15 days. From 15 to 35 days, the evolution of cheeses was mainly depending on structural parameters, like G’1 Hz and hardness. No influence was observed due to the geographical origin of cardoon flower.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1072-1080
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Food Science and Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • Cardoon
  • Cheese
  • Computer vision
  • PDO
  • Queijo de Nisa


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