Avaliação da funcionalidade e necessidades de cuidados dos idosos

Translated title of the contribution: Evaluation of elderly persons' functionality and care needs

Manuel J. Lopes, Ana Escoval, Dulce Gamito Pereira, Carla Sandra Pereira, Catarina Carvalho, César Fonseca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the elderly persons' functionality, based on the International Classification of Functionality. Methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive study; a stratified random sample of 903 elderly persons; a confidence level of 95%; and a margin of error of 2.5%. Questionnaire based on the International Classification of Functionality; data was collected based on structured interviews undertaken by health professionals in the health centers in the Alentejo region of Portugal. Results: 30.7% of the elderly persons stated that they were illiterate, and 22.9% lived alone. Feeding/dietary (18.7%), housing (19.2%) and health needs (26.0%) were not met. Orientation functions were maintained in 83.4%; 58% of the elderly persons referred to pain so intense that it required care; 73.3% of the elderly persons did not have functional dentition. Levels of performance were superior to 80% in the participation activities: washing oneself (82.6%), toileting (92.2%), dressing, eating, and drinking (89%). Conclusion: although a progressive decline in functionality is observed as age advances, the majority of dimensions are preserved until around 75 years of age.

Translated title of the contributionEvaluation of elderly persons' functionality and care needs
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)52-60
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Latino-Americana De Enfermagem
Volume21
Issue numberSPL
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Disability and health
  • International classification of functioning
  • Needs assessment

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