Evaluation of Antipsychotic Drugs’ Stability in Oral Fluid Samples

Carina Gameiro, Joana Gonçalves, Sofia Soares, Tiago Rosado, André R. T. S. Araújo, Luís A. Passarinha, Mário Barroso, Eugénia Gallardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)


Antipsychotics have narrow therapeutic windows, and their monitoring in biological fluids is therefore important; consequently, stability in those fluids must be investigated during method development and validation. This work evaluates the stability of chlorpromazine, levomepromazine, cyamemazine, clozapine, haloperidol, and quetiapine in oral fluid (OF) samples, using the dried saliva spots (DSS) sampling approach and gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Since many parameters can influence the stability of the target analytes, design of experiments was adopted to check the crucial factors that affect that stability in a multivariate fashion. The studied parameters were the presence of preservatives at different concentrations, temperature, light, and time. It was possible to observe that antipsychotic stability improved when OF samples in DSS were stored at 4 °C, with a low ascorbic acid concentration, and in the absence of light. With these conditions, chlorpromazine and quetiapine were stable for 14 days, clozapine and haloperidol were stable for 28 days, levomepromazine remained stable for 44 days, and cyamemazine was stable for the entire monitored period (146 days). This is the first study that evaluates the stability of these antipsychotics in OF samples after application to DSS cards.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2030
Number of pages17
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2023


  • antipsychotics
  • dried saliva spots
  • GC-MS/MS
  • oral fluid
  • stability


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