Eurocode shear design of coarse recycled aggregate concrete: Reliability analysis and partial factor calibration

João Pacheco, Jorge de Brito, Carlos Chastre, Luís Evangelista

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
108 Downloads (Pure)


This paper contributes to the definition of design clauses for coarse recycled aggregate concrete. One of the main reasons for scepticism towards recycled aggregate concrete is the per-ceived notion that the heterogeneity of recycled aggregates may increase the uncertainty of the behaviour of concrete. Therefore, the paper uses structural reliability concepts to propose partial factors for recycled aggregate concrete’s design for shear failure. The paper builds upon a previous publication by the authors, in which the model uncertainty of recycled aggregate concrete elements designed for shear, with and without shear reinforcement, was compared with that of natural aggregate concrete elements. In that paper, the statistics of the model uncertainty for recycled aggregate concrete shear design were indeed found to be less favourable than those of natural aggregate concrete. Therefore, a partial factor for recycled aggregate concrete design is needed to ensure safety. This paper presents partial factors calibrated with explicit reliability analyses for different cases of design concerning beams (in the case of shear design of elements with shear reinforcement) and slabs (for the design of elements without shear reinforcement). For full incorporation of coarse recycled concrete aggregates and the design of elements without shear reinforcement, the calibrated partial factor reduces the design value of shear resistance by 10% (design with EN1992) or 15% (design with prEN1992) in comparison to natural aggregate concrete’s design. For the shear design of elements with shear reinforcement, the partial factor decreases resistance by 5% but a sensitivity analysis showed that the reduction might be, under pessimistic expectations, of up to 20%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4081
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021


  • Coarse recycled concrete aggregates
  • EN1992
  • Partial factor calibration
  • PrEN1992
  • Recycled aggregate concrete
  • Reliability analysis
  • Shear
  • Structural concrete


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