Ethics and Development of Advanced Technology Systems in Public Administration

António da Costa Alexandre, Luís Moniz Pereira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This article analyses aspects related to the implementation of advanced technology systems in Public Administration, taking into account the scope of action of its entities and services, as well as its main distinction with the private sector, which lies in the pursuit of the public interest, understood as justification for the execution of public policies, but also in the broader scope of the human development index. The difficulties and resistance to the adoption and use of technology in Public Administration will be examined, also in the light of practical situations whose implementation proved to be inadequate, resulting in the analysis of ideas for the future. We approach the evolution of public management models that are emerging through the action of technology. We prepare the ground for machine ethics in Public Administration by framing ethics in public services in general terms, with reference to AI systems designed in line with mainstream ethics. Of the various ethical issues that arise in this domain, we pay attention to the issue of privacy and the balance that needs to be achieved so that the use of data can contribute to ethical, beneficial and reliable technologies. We sound alerts in the field of discrimination and prejudice that the bias of technology can show. The explainability and transparency of technological systems provide confidence to decision-makers and citizens, helping to clarify responsibilities in the decisions of Public Administration agents, and the researchers working for them.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEthics and Responsible Research and Innovation in Practice
Subtitle of host publicationThe ETHNA System Project
EditorsElsa González-Esteban, Ramón A. Feenstra, LuÍs M. Camarinha-Matos
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages224-247
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-33177-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-33176-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer
Volume13875 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Keywords

  • Advanced Technology
  • Ethics
  • Public Administration

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