Establishing commitments between ambiguity and misquotation

Fabrizio Macagno, Douglas Walton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this chapter, an argumentative approach to ambiguity and commitment attribution is advanced in order to address the problem of establishing the speaker’s commitments in case of ambiguity of his utterance. The goal is to analyze how a doubtful or potentially doubtful interpretation of an utterance can be supported dialectically by providing a dialectical mechanism for establishing which interpretation is the best one. Distinct types of ambiguity are distinguished by pointing out the subtle line between what is directly conveyed and what is left implicit. Our challenge is to develop an argumentative model for representing how it is possible to choose an interpretation over another and justify it in cases of ambiguity. The model that we propose is grounded on the notion of presumption. When an interpretation is challenged, the parties to the discussion need to support their interpretation based on reasons. We conceive these reasons as conclusions of a type of argument called “from best explanation,” which is based on the presumptions available in a given context. An interpretation can be based on various types of evidence leading to an interpretive conclusion through more general or specific presumptions. An interpretation is assessed by evaluating the defeasibility conditions of the presumptions on which it is based.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterpreting Straw Man Argumentation -
Subtitle of host publicationThe Pragmatics of Quotation and Reporting
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Pages65-108
Number of pages44
ISBN (Print)9783319625447
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event1st International Conference in Pragmatics and Philosophy, 2016 - Palermo, Italy
Duration: 16 May 201616 May 2016

Publication series

NamePerspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy and Psychology
Volume14
ISSN (Print)2214-3807
ISSN (Electronic)2214-3815

Conference

Conference1st International Conference in Pragmatics and Philosophy, 2016
CountryItaly
CityPalermo
Period16/05/1616/05/16

Keywords

  • Ambiguity
  • Argumentation
  • Defeasibility
  • Implicatures
  • Inference
  • Interpretation
  • Pragmatics
  • Presumption
  • Quotation
  • Straw man

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