Ergative case, Aspect and Person splits: Two case studies

M. Rita Manzini, Leonardo M. Savoia, Ludovico Franco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ergativity splits between perfect and imperfective/progressive predicates are observed in languages with a specialized ergative case (Punjabi) and without it (Kurdish). Perfect predicates correspond to a VP projection; external arguments are introduced by means of an oblique case, namely an elementary part-whole predicate saying that the event is 'included by', 'located at' the argument. A more complex organization is found with imperfective/progressive predicates, where a head Asp projects a functional layer and introduces the external argument. Our proposal further yields the 1/2P vs. 3P Person split as a result of the intrinsic ability of 1/2P to serve as 'location-of-event'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-351
Number of pages55
JournalActa linguistica hungarica
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015

Keywords

  • ergative case
  • oblique case
  • aspect
  • person split
  • Indo-Iranian
  • ARGUMENTS
  • ROMANCE
  • SYSTEMS
  • SYNTAX

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