Epicardial Adipose Tissue: The Genetics Behind an Emerging Cardiovascular Risk Marker

João Adriano Sousa, Maria Isabel Mendonça, Marco Serrão, Sofia Borges, Eva Henriques, Sónia Freitas, Margarida Tentem, Marina Santos, Pedro Freitas, António Ferreira, Graça Guerra, António Drumond, Roberto Palma Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Evidence points epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) as an emerging cardiovascular risk marker. Whether genetic polymorphisms linked with atherosclerosis are associated with higher EAT is still unknown. We aim to assess the role of genetic burden of atherosclerosis and its association to EAT in a cohort of asymptomatic individuals without coronary disease. A total of 996 participants were prospectively enrolled in a single Portuguese center. EAT volume was measured by Cardiac Computed Tomography and participants were distributed into 2 groups, above and below median EAT. SNPs were genotyped and linked to their respective pathophysiological axes. A multiplicative genetic risk score (mGRS) was constructed, representing the genetic burden of the studied SNPs. To evaluate the association between genetics and EAT, we compared both groups by global mGRS, mGRS by functional axes, and SNPs individually. Individuals above-median EAT were older, had a higher body mass index (BMI) and higher prevalence of hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. They presented higher GRS, that remained an independent predictor of higher EAT volumes. The group with more EAT consistently presented higher polymorphic burden across numerous pathways. After adjustment, age, BMI, and mGRS of each functional axis emerged as independently related to higher EAT volumes. Amongst the 33 SNPs, MTHFR677 polymorphism emerged as the only significant and independent predictor of higher EAT volumes. Patients with higher polymorphism burden for atherosclerosis present higher EAT volumes. We present the first study in a Portuguese population, evaluating the genetic profile of EAT through GWAS and GRS, casting further insight into this complicated matter.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • atherosclerosis
  • cardiovascular risk factors
  • Epicardial adipose tissue
  • genetic polymorphisms
  • Genetic Risk Score

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