Enhancing classification performance of convolutional neural networks for prostate cancer detection on magnetic resonance images: A study with the semantic learning machine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common oncological disease in Western men. Even though a significant effort has been carried out by the scientific community, accurate and reliable automated PCa detection methods are still a compelling issue. In this clinical scenario, high-resolution multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is becoming the most used modality, also enabling quantitative studies. Recently, deep learning techniques have achieved outstanding results in prostate MRI analysis tasks, in particular with regard to image classification. This paper studies the feasibility of using the Semantic Learning Machine (SLM) neuroevolution algorithm to replace the fully-connected architecture commonly used in the last layers of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). The experimental phase considered the PROSTATEx dataset composed of multispectral MRI sequences. The achieved results show that, on the same non-contrast-enhanced MRI series, SLM outperforms with statistical significance a state-of-the-art CNN trained with backpropagation. The SLM performance is achieved without pre-training the underlying CNN with backpropagation. Furthermore, on average the SLM training time is approximately 14 times faster than the backpropagation-based approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGECCO 2019
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2019 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages381-382
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781450367486
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2019
Event2019 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2019 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 13 Jul 201917 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameGECCO 2019 Companion - Proceedings of the 2019 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion

Conference

Conference2019 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2019
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period13/07/1917/07/19

Keywords

  • Classification
  • Convolutional Neural Networks
  • Multiparamet-ric Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neuroevolution
  • Prostate cancer detection
  • Semantic Learning Machine

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    Lapa, P., Rundo, L., Gonçalves, I., & Castelli, M. (2019). Enhancing classification performance of convolutional neural networks for prostate cancer detection on magnetic resonance images: A study with the semantic learning machine. In GECCO 2019 : Proceedings of the 2019 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion (pp. 381-382). (GECCO 2019 Companion - Proceedings of the 2019 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion). Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1145/3319619.3322035