Enhancement of water solubility of poorly water-soluble drugs by new biocompatible N-acetyl amino acid N-alkyl cholinium-based ionic liquids

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Abstract

The major challenge of the pharmaceutical industry is to find potential solvents for poorly water-soluble drug molecules. Ionic liquids (ILs) have attracted this industry as (co-) solvents due to their unique physicochemical and biological properties. Herein, a straightforward approach for the enhancement of water solubility of paracetamol and sodium diclofenac is presented, using new biocompatible N-acetyl amino acid N-alkyl cholinium-based ionic liquids as co-solvents (0.2 - 1 mol%). These new ionic liquids were able to increase water solubility of these drugs up to four times higher than in pure water or in an inorganic salt solution. In the presence of these ILs the drugs lipophilicity (log Kow) was not significantly changed for paracetamol, but for sodium diclofenac it was possible to decrease significantly its lipophilicity. Concerning cytotoxicity in human dermal fibroblasts it was observed that ILs did not show a significant toxicity, and were able to improve cell viability compared with the respective precursors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227–232
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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