Enhancement of antibiotic effect via gold: silver-alloy nanoparticles

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Abstract

A strategy for the development of novel antimicrobials is to combine the stability and pleiotropic effects of inorganic compounds with the specificity and efficiency of organic compounds, such as antibiotics. Here we report on the use of gold:silver-alloy (Au:Ag-alloy) nanoparticles, obtained via a single-step citrate co-reduction method, combined to conventional antibiotics to enhance their antimicrobial effect on bacteria. Addition of the alloy nanoparticles considerably decreased the dose of antibiotic necessary to show antimicrobial effect, both for bacterial cells growing in rich medium in suspension and for bacterial cells resting in a physiological buffer on a humid cellulose surface. The observed effect was more pronounced than the sum of the individual effects of the nanoparticles and antibiotic. We demonstrate the enhancement effect of Au:Ag-alloy nanoparticles with a size distribution of 32.5±7.5nm mean diameter on the antimicrobial effect of (i) kanamycin onEscherichia coli(Gram-negative bacterium), and (ii) a β-lactam antibiotic on both a sensitive and resistant strain ofStaphylococcus aureus(Gram-positive bacterium). Together, these results may pave the way for the combined use of nanoparticle–antibiotic conjugates towards decreasing antibiotic resistance currently observed for certain bacteria and conventional antibiotics.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)859-867
JournalJournal Of Nanoparticle Research
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Cite this

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title = "Enhancement of antibiotic effect via gold: silver-alloy nanoparticles",
abstract = "A strategy for the development of novel antimicrobials is to combine the stability and pleiotropic effects of inorganic compounds with the specificity and efficiency of organic compounds, such as antibiotics. Here we report on the use of gold:silver-alloy (Au:Ag-alloy) nanoparticles, obtained via a single-step citrate co-reduction method, combined to conventional antibiotics to enhance their antimicrobial effect on bacteria. Addition of the alloy nanoparticles considerably decreased the dose of antibiotic necessary to show antimicrobial effect, both for bacterial cells growing in rich medium in suspension and for bacterial cells resting in a physiological buffer on a humid cellulose surface. The observed effect was more pronounced than the sum of the individual effects of the nanoparticles and antibiotic. We demonstrate the enhancement effect of Au:Ag-alloy nanoparticles with a size distribution of 32.5±7.5nm mean diameter on the antimicrobial effect of (i) kanamycin onEscherichia coli(Gram-negative bacterium), and (ii) a β-lactam antibiotic on both a sensitive and resistant strain ofStaphylococcus aureus(Gram-positive bacterium). Together, these results may pave the way for the combined use of nanoparticle–antibiotic conjugates towards decreasing antibiotic resistance currently observed for certain bacteria and conventional antibiotics.",
author = "Santos, {Maria Margarida Moreira dos} and Baptista, {Pedro Miguel Ribeiro Viana}",
year = "2012",
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doi = "10.1007/s11051-012-0859-8",
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journal = "Journal Of Nanoparticle Research",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhancement of antibiotic effect via gold: silver-alloy nanoparticles

AU - Santos, Maria Margarida Moreira dos

AU - Baptista, Pedro Miguel Ribeiro Viana

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - A strategy for the development of novel antimicrobials is to combine the stability and pleiotropic effects of inorganic compounds with the specificity and efficiency of organic compounds, such as antibiotics. Here we report on the use of gold:silver-alloy (Au:Ag-alloy) nanoparticles, obtained via a single-step citrate co-reduction method, combined to conventional antibiotics to enhance their antimicrobial effect on bacteria. Addition of the alloy nanoparticles considerably decreased the dose of antibiotic necessary to show antimicrobial effect, both for bacterial cells growing in rich medium in suspension and for bacterial cells resting in a physiological buffer on a humid cellulose surface. The observed effect was more pronounced than the sum of the individual effects of the nanoparticles and antibiotic. We demonstrate the enhancement effect of Au:Ag-alloy nanoparticles with a size distribution of 32.5±7.5nm mean diameter on the antimicrobial effect of (i) kanamycin onEscherichia coli(Gram-negative bacterium), and (ii) a β-lactam antibiotic on both a sensitive and resistant strain ofStaphylococcus aureus(Gram-positive bacterium). Together, these results may pave the way for the combined use of nanoparticle–antibiotic conjugates towards decreasing antibiotic resistance currently observed for certain bacteria and conventional antibiotics.

AB - A strategy for the development of novel antimicrobials is to combine the stability and pleiotropic effects of inorganic compounds with the specificity and efficiency of organic compounds, such as antibiotics. Here we report on the use of gold:silver-alloy (Au:Ag-alloy) nanoparticles, obtained via a single-step citrate co-reduction method, combined to conventional antibiotics to enhance their antimicrobial effect on bacteria. Addition of the alloy nanoparticles considerably decreased the dose of antibiotic necessary to show antimicrobial effect, both for bacterial cells growing in rich medium in suspension and for bacterial cells resting in a physiological buffer on a humid cellulose surface. The observed effect was more pronounced than the sum of the individual effects of the nanoparticles and antibiotic. We demonstrate the enhancement effect of Au:Ag-alloy nanoparticles with a size distribution of 32.5±7.5nm mean diameter on the antimicrobial effect of (i) kanamycin onEscherichia coli(Gram-negative bacterium), and (ii) a β-lactam antibiotic on both a sensitive and resistant strain ofStaphylococcus aureus(Gram-positive bacterium). Together, these results may pave the way for the combined use of nanoparticle–antibiotic conjugates towards decreasing antibiotic resistance currently observed for certain bacteria and conventional antibiotics.

U2 - 10.1007/s11051-012-0859-8

DO - 10.1007/s11051-012-0859-8

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 859

EP - 867

JO - Journal Of Nanoparticle Research

JF - Journal Of Nanoparticle Research

SN - 1388-0764

IS - 5

ER -