The functional properties of a novel extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) produced by Pseudomonas oleovorans grown on glycerol byproduct, generated by the biodiesel industry, were investigated. The EPS is a high molecular weight (4.6 x 10(6)) heteropolysaccharide, composed by neutral sugars (galactose. 68%; mannose, 17%; glucose, 13%; rhamnose, 2%; fucose, 4%) and acyl groups (3.04%). This biopolymer has pseudoplastic fluid behaviour in aqueous media. The apparent viscosity was stable for the pH range 2.9-7.1 and NaCl concentrations up to 1.0 M. Though the apparent viscosity decreased at high temperatures, at alkaline conditions and at NaCl concentrations of 2.0 M, pseudoplastic fluid behaviour was retained. The EPS was capable of stabilizing water emulsions with several hydrophobic compounds, including hydrocarbons, vegetable and mineral oils. It retained its emulsifying activity during exposure to wide temperature (30-50 degrees C) and pH (2-12) variations, as well as to the presence of NaCl at concentrations as high as 2.0 M. (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2009|