Emission of nanoparticles during friction stir welding (FSW) of aluminium alloys

J. F. Gomes, Rosa Maria Mendes Miranda, Telmo Jorge Gomes dos Santos, Patrícia A. Carvalho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Friction stir welding (FSW) is now well established as a welding process capable of joining some different types of metallic materials, as it was (1) found to be a reliable and economical way of producing high quality welds, and (2) considered a "clean" welding process that does not involve fusion of metal, as is the case with other traditional welding processes. The aim of this study was to determine whether the emission of particles during FSW in the nanorange of the most commonly used aluminum (Al) alloys, AA 5083 and AA 6082, originated from the Al alloy itself due to friction of the welding tool against the item that was being welded. Another goal was to measure Al alloys in the alveolar deposited surface area during FSW. Nanoparticles dimensions were predominantly in the 40- and 70-nm range. This study demonstrated that microparticles were also emitted during FSW but due to tool wear. However, the biological relevance and toxic manifestations of these microparticles remain to be determined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)924-930
JournalJournal Of Toxicology And Environmental Health-Part A-Current Issues
Issue number14-16(SI)
Publication statusPublished - 2014




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