A considerable progress in collaborative technologies and systems could be observed in the last five years. Enabling tools and frameworks have been complemented with a better understanding of the collaborative networks paradigm and its implementation requirements. The acquired experiences with earlier application cases drive the development of improved functionalities and governance models. A variety of collaboration forms are being developed in practically all domains, turning collaborative networks into a pervasive phenomenon. In some cases those developments tend to adopt a terminology that is specific of that domain; often the involved actors in a given domain are not fully aware of the developments in the mainstream research on collaborative networks. For instance, the grid community adopted the term "virtual organization" but focused mainly on the resource sharing perspective, paying little attention to the other aspects involved in collaboration. The European enterprise interoperability community, which was initially focused on the intra-enterprise aspects, is moving towards inter-enterprise collaboration. On the other hand, there is still some divorce between the engineering and management schools, in spite of the need for a holistic approach. And yet the collaborative networks discipline is steadily consolidating (Camarinha-Matos, Afsarmanesh, 2005). The ECOLEAD project is an example of a large initiative contributing to this consolidation. But dozens of other international initiatives are contributing to advance different aspects of the discipline. As the area progresses new research challenges become, naturally, evident. Therefore, this chapter intends to illustrate and summarize such trends and identify important future research needs.
|Title of host publication||Methods and Tools for Collaborative Networked Organizations|
|Editors||L. M. Camarinha-Matos, H. Afsarmanesh, M. Ollus|
|Place of Publication||Boston, MA|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2008|