Aims: To characterize biocide susceptibility of Staphylococcus epidermidis colonizing veterinary staff; propose epidemiological cut-off (ECOFF) values; assess relationships between biocide and antibiotic resistance phenotypes.Methods: The susceptibility profiles of 112 S. epidermidis isolates from nasal colonization of veter-inary staff towards six biocides (including benzalkonium chloride, chlorhexidine and triclosan) and ethidium bromide (EtBr), was determined by microdilution MIC determination. The MIC distribu-tions were analyzed by the normalized resistance interpretation method and the iterative statistical method to determine ECOFF values. Antibiotic susceptibility was determined by disc diffusion and antimicrobial resistance determinants screened by PCR.Results: Analysis ofMIC distributions enabled the detection of non-wild-type (NWT) populations towards most biocides and to the efflux marker EtBr and the proposal of tentative ECOFF values for the compounds tested. The NWT populations were correlated with carriage of the plasmid-en-coded efflux pump genes qacA/B and/or smr. NWT populations to triclosan were correlated with sh-fabI gene. We observed high frequencies of methicillin resistance(mecA+, 61 %) as well as of multidrug resistance phenotypes (50 %). Several determinants were associated with resistance phenotypes, including blaZ, erm, vga and fus genes. Carriage of qacA/B and/or smr was statistically associated with MDR phenotypes. Conclusions: This study discloses the first tentative ECOFF values of several biocides for S. epider-midis. It also reveals a high prevalence of biocide and antibiotic resistant S. epidermidis colonizing humans in close contact with animals, suggesting that these bacteria can be reservoirs for antimi-crobial resistance.
|Publication status||Published - 23 Aug 2018|
|Event||18th International Symposium on Staphylococci and Staphylococcal Infections - Copenhagen, Denmark|
Duration: 23 Aug 2018 → 26 Aug 2018
|Conference||18th International Symposium on Staphylococci and Staphylococcal Infections|
|Abbreviated title||18th ISSSI|
|Period||23/08/18 → 26/08/18|