Elements of a base VE infrastructure

Luis M. Camarinha-Matos, Hamideh Afsarmanesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

225 Citations (Scopus)


The availability of a flexible and configurable base infrastructure is one of the main requirements for the practical implantation of agile virtual enterprises (VE). An overview of current approaches and trends towards the establishment of such infrastructures is presented in this paper. Various example architectures from several international research projects are discussed. Also, the aspects of trust building and the formation of breeding environments, as an important basis for practical agile virtual organizations (VO), are introduced. Finally, a list of open challenges in terms of advanced infrastructures is included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-163
Number of pages25
JournalComputers in Industry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003


  • Breeding environment
  • Infrastructure
  • Virtual enterprise
  • Virtual organization


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