Electron Scattering from 1-Methyl-5-Nitroimidazole: Cross-Sections for Modeling Electron Transport through Potential Radiosensitizers

Ana I. Lozano, Lidia Álvarez, Adrián García-Abenza, Carlos Guerra, Fábris Kossoski, Jaime Rosado, Francisco Blanco, Juan Carlos Oller, Mahmudul Hasan, Martin Centurion, Thorsten Weber, Daniel S. Slaughter, Deepthy M. Mootheril, Alexander Dorn, Sarvesh Kumar, Paulo Limão-Vieira, Rafael Colmenares, Gustavo García

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Abstract

In this study, we present a complete set of electron scattering cross-sections from 1-Methyl-5-Nitroimidazole (1M5NI) molecules for impact energies ranging from 0.1 to 1000 eV. This information is relevant to evaluate the potential role of 1M5NI as a molecular radiosensitizers. The total electron scattering cross-sections (TCS) that we previously measured with a magnetically confined electron transmission apparatus were considered as the reference values for the present analysis. Elastic scattering cross-sections were calculated by means of two different schemes: The Schwinger multichannel (SMC) method for the lower energies (below 15 eV) and the independent atom model-based screening-corrected additivity rule with interferences (IAM-SCARI) for higher energies (above 15 eV). The latter was also applied to calculate the total ionization cross-sections, which were complemented with experimental values of the induced cationic fragmentation by electron impact. Double differential ionization cross-sections were measured with a reaction microscope multi-particle coincidence spectrometer. Using a momentum imaging spectrometer, direct measurements of the anion fragment yields and kinetic energies by the dissociative electron attachment are also presented. Cross-sections for the other inelastic channels were derived with a self-consistent procedure by sampling their values at a given energy to ensure that the sum of the cross-sections of all the scattering processes available at that energy coincides with the corresponding TCS. This cross-section data set is ready to be used for modelling electron-induced radiation damage at the molecular level to biologically relevant media containing 1M5NI as a potential radiosensitizer. Nonetheless, a proper evaluation of its radiosensitizing effects would require further radiobiological experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12182
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • dissociation
  • electron impact molecular fragmentation
  • electron scattering cross-sections
  • ionization
  • molecular radiosensitizers
  • radiation damage

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