Electricity usage efficiency in large buildings: DSM measures and preliminary simulations of DR programs in a public library

Hugo Algarvio, Joaquim Viegas, Fernando Lopes, Diogo Amaro, Anabela Pronto, Susana M. Vieira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The programs and actions to rationalize energy consumption and increase energy efficiency, such as demand-side management (DSM) and demand response (DR), are receiving increasing attention. DSM involves the selection, planning, and implementation of measures intended to have an influence on the demand or customer-side of the electric meter. DR includes programs designed to encourage end-users to make short-term reductions in energy demand in response to price signals from the market or triggers initiated by electricity grid operators. This paper aims at studying DSM actions and DR programs to improve electricity efficiency in a public library (large building), taking into account a time of use (TOU) tariff. It presents a model of the library developed with the software DesignBuilder and using real data. It also proposes DSM actions to improve efficiency and reduce energy costs. Specifically, the analysis of the building equipment and their usage constraints lead to the development of load shifting and peak clipping mechanisms. Regarding DR programs, the library manager adopts a load direct control program proposed by a retailer and involving a reduction in consumption in the peak period of the day. The agents negotiate the terms and conditions of a bilateral contract, notably energy prices and contract duration. The DSM actions, the DR program and the negotiated rate allow the library manager to reduce consumption by 4% and lead to savings of about 7% in total annual costs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHighlights of Practical Applications of Agents, Multi-Agent Systems, and Sustainability - The PAAMS Collection: International Workshops of PAAMS 2015, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer-Verlag
Pages249-259
Number of pages11
Volume524
ISBN (Electronic)9783319190327
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventInternational Workshops on Practical Applications of Agents, Multi-Agent Systems, and Sustainability, PAAMS 2015 - Salamanca, Spain
Duration: 3 Jun 20154 Jun 2015

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume524
ISSN (Print)18650929

Conference

ConferenceInternational Workshops on Practical Applications of Agents, Multi-Agent Systems, and Sustainability, PAAMS 2015
CountrySpain
CitySalamanca
Period3/06/154/06/15

Keywords

  • Agent-based modeling and simulation
  • Demand-side management
  • Efficient operation
  • ·Commercial buildings
  • ·Demand response

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