Efficient heterogeneous polyoxometalate-hybrid catalysts for the oxidative desulfurization of fuels

Fátima Mirante, Luís Dias, Mariana Silva, Susana O. Ribeiro, Marta C. Corvo, Baltazar de Castro, Carlos M. Granadeiro, Salete S. Balula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The heterogenization of the highly active monovacant polyoxotungstate ([PW11O39]7 −, abbreviated as PW11) was achieved by preparing the corresponding long chain quaternary ammonium salt (ODA7PW11, ODA = CH3(CH2)17(CH3)3N). The complete cation exchange confers total heterogeneity to the monovacant catalyst while keeping its oxidative catalytic activity. In fact, the heterogeneous catalyst allowed for the complete desulfurization of a multicomponent model diesel (2000 ppm S) after 40 min of reaction, conciliating extraction (using BMIMPF6 solvent) and oxidation (ECODS process using H2O2 oxidant). The heterogeneous catalyst has shown a superior desulfurization performance when compared with the homogeneous quaternary ammonium TBAPW11 catalyst (TBA = (C4H9)4 N). Both hybrid catalysts have been successfully reused in consecutive ECODS cycles. Additionally, the long carbon chain cations provide a protective environment around the polyoxometalate allowing for ODA7PW11 to retain its heterogeneity and structure after the ECODS process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalCatalysis Communications
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Extractive and catalytic oxidative desulfurization
  • Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Hybrids
  • Polyoxometalate

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