Efficiency of removal in stabilization ponds I. Influence of climate

Benilde S. Mendes, M. Jenny do Nascimento, M. Irene Pereira, Gerard Bailey, Nuno Lapa, João Morais, J. Santos Oliveira

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Owing to the existing or predictable water deficiencies in the South of Portugal, it is necessary to carry out the appropriate management of water resources, by reducing and/or minimizing the negative impacts of untreated/treated domestic effluents in the aquatic environment. As Portugal has a great diversity of ecoclimatic areas, five different stabilization pond systems were chosen to carry out a control study during one year (from March 1991 to March 1992). According to Pina Manique & Albuquerque the ecological classification of these stations is different, varying from Ibero-mediterranean (continental) up to mediterranean (maritime). The physical and chemical parameters studied were: temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, BOD, COD, nitrates, nitrites, ammonia and total nitrogen, total suspended and volatile solids, total phosphorus and orthophosphates. The microbiological parameters studied were: total and faecal coliforms, faecal Streptococci, Clostridium perfringens and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The correlations between climatic parameters and the efficiency of the removal of organic matter were analysed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-229
Number of pages11
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995


  • Ecoclimate relationships
  • efficiency of removal
  • waste stabilization ponds


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