Liposomes are used as carriers to deliver drugs and to treat diseases where infection is localised in the mononuclear phagocyte system cells, as is the case of leishmaniosis. Trifluralin is a dinitroaniline with proved anti-Leishmania activity in vitro. The efficacy of liposomal trifluralin (LIP/TFL) was studied in the treatment of experimental canine leishmaniosis through quantification of parasite burden using the limiting dilution assay, follow-up of anti-Leishmania antibodies by indirect fluorescent immunoassay and cytokine expression by Reverse Transcriptase-PCR, in the bone marrow, lymph nodes, skin and peripheral blood mononuclear cells in 5 female beagle dogs. After treatment, dogs showed a general remission of clinical signs related to parasite burden reduction and Th1 cytokine mRNA expression, but there was no significant decrease in antibody levels. Alternative treatment schemes with LIP/TFL are necessary to achieve optimal results.
- Canine experimental leishmaniosis
- Clinical signs
- Immune response
- Liposomal trifluralin