In order to evaluate the effects of elevated temperature and pCO2 on the polychaete Nereis diversicolor from the Río San Pedro estuary in Spain, multifactorial stressor experiments were performed in various combinations: at two temperatures (ambient temperature and temperature estimated for the year 2100) and at three pHNBS levels (estimated level in cases of CO2 leakage, at the level used in the high and moderate CO2 treatment, and present-day ambient pH levels). Experimental temperature treatments were designed within the context of a high-emission CO2, “business as usual” scenario, with an approximate median increase in temperature of 3.7–4.8°C by the year 2100. In this study, it was investigated whether oxidative stress occurs in cellular responses to elevated temperatures and CO2 levels in N. diversicolor. It was measured the levels of oxidative stress biomarkers, of hemoglobin, and of the carbonate system. The effects of ocean acidification on these organisms are almost unknown. This study has shown that when subject to pH and temperature stress, the Nereidid polychaete N. diversicolor exhibits reduced survival rates. Also the biomarker (Lipid Peroxidation—LPO) was also found to be sensitive to the pH versus temperature relationship.
- Ocean acidification
- Oxidative stress