Effects of bacillamide and newly synthesized derivatives on the growth of cyanobacteria and microalgae cultures

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Abstract

The antialgal activity of newly synthesized bacillamides against several cyanobacteria and microalgae isolates was screened using a rapid 96-well microplate bioassay. Cultures were exposed to serial dilutions of each bacillamide derivative (0-160 mu g mL(-1)) in the microplate wells and daily optical measurements were used to estimate growth over a 216 h period. Inhibition values (%) were calculated from the estimated growth curves and inhibitory concentrations (IC50-216 h) were obtained from the sigmoidal inhibition curves fitted by regression analysis. The effects of bacillamides on cell morphology and ultrastructure were also analysed by light and transmission electron microscopy. In general, the toxic cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa, Aphanizomenon gracile, Anabaena circinalis and Anabaenopsis circularis were much more sensitive to bacillamides then the chlorophytes Ankistrodesmus falcatus and Scenedesmus obliquus. However, clear signs of morphological and ultrastructural changes induced by bacillamide were observed on both cyanobacteria and chlorophytes. Other cyanobacteria, namely the nostocalean Nodularia spumigena and the oscillatorialeans Leptolyngbya sp. and Planktothrix rubescens, exhibit higher tolerances to bacillamides, similar to that shown by different eukaryotic microalgae. Diatoms, on the other hand, proved to be quite as sensitive to most bacillamides as the most affected cyanobacteria. The properties of 5-iodo-Bacillamide (algicide or algistatic) were further investigated. This compound acted as an algistactic agent against eukaryotic algae and, depending on its concentration, acted as either an algicide or algistactic agent against most of the cyanobacteria tested. Although bacillamides cannot be considered as broad spectrum cyanobacterial algicides, different bacillamides might be of use in selectively controlling the growth of particular species of cyanobacteria.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)429-442
JournalJournal of Applied Phycology
Volume21
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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