Effect of water content on the acid-base equilibrium of cyanidin-3-glucoside

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Abstract

Laser Flash Photolysis was employed to measure the deprotonation and reprotonation rate constants of cyanidin 3-monoglucoside (kuromanin) in water/methanol mixtures. It was found that the deprotonation rate constant k(d) decreases with decreasing water content, reflecting the lack of free water molecules around kuromanin, which may accommodate and stabilize the outgoing protons. On the other hand, the reprotonation rate constant, k(p), increases with the decrease in water concentration from a value of k(p) = 2 x 10(10) l mol (1) s (1) in water up to k(p) = 6 x 10(10) l mol (1) s (1) at 5.6 M water concentration in the mixture. The higher value of k(p) at lower water concentrations reflects the fact that the proton is not freely escaping the solvation shell of the molecule. The deprotonation rate constant decreases with decreasing water content, reflecting the lack of free water molecules around kuromanin that can accommodate the outgoing protons. Overall, the acidity constant of the flavylium cation decreases with the decrease in water concentration from pK(a) values of 3.8 in water to approximately 4.8 in water-depleted media, thus shifting the equilibrium towards the red-coloured form, AH(+), at low water contents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-480
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume172
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • Acid-base equilibrium
  • Anthocyanin
  • Laser Flash Photolysis
  • Water/methanol

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