Effect of ultrafiltration operating conditions for separation of ferulic acid from arabinoxylans in corn fibre alkaline extract

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Abstract

Corn fibre, a co-product of the starch industry, is rich in compounds with high added value, such as ferulic acid and arabinoxylans, which are released during alkaline extraction. This work aims to optimise an efficient separation method for the recovery of these two compounds from a corn fibre alkaline extract, allowing an efficient valorisation of this co-product. Ultrafiltration was selected as separation method, due to its potential to fractionate these compounds. In order to minimise the loss of membrane permeance, due to mass transfer limitations caused by the high arabinoxylan viscosity, the impact of relevant ultrafiltration operating parameters (membrane molecular weight cut-off, fluid dynamics conditions, transmembrane pressure, and operating temperature) were evaluated. A Nadir UP 150 membrane was found to be an adequate choice, allowing for an efficient separation of ferulic acid from arabinoxylans, with null rejection of ferulic acid, a high estimated rejection of arabinoxylans 98.0% ± 1.7%, and the highest permeance of all tested membranes. A response surface methodology (RSM) was used to infer the effect of ultrafiltration conditions (crossflow velocity, transmembrane pressure and operating temperature) on the rejection of ferulic acid, retention of arabinoxylans (assessed through apparent viscosity of the retentate stream), and permeance. Through mathematical modelling it was possible to determine that the best conditions are the highest operating temperature and initial crossflow velocity tested (66C and 1.06 m.s−1, respectively), and the lowest transmembrane pressure tested (0.7 bar).

Original languageEnglish
Article number4682
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Keywords

  • Arabinoxylans
  • Biorefinery of corn fibre
  • Ferulic acid
  • Response surface methodology (RSM)
  • Ultrafiltration

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