Effect of the alkyl chain length of the ionic liquid anion on polymer electrolytes properties

Rita Leones, Franciani Sentanin, Sílvia Cristina Nunes, José M S S Esperança, Maria Cristina Gonçalves, Agnieska Pawlicka, Verónica De Zea Bermudez, Maria Manuela Silva

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14 Citations (Scopus)


New polymer electrolytes (PEs) based on chitosan and three ionic liquid (IL) families ([C2mim][CnSO3], [C2mim][CnSO4] and [C2mim][diCnPO4]) were synthesized by the solvent casting method. The effect of the length of the alkyl chain of the IL anion on the thermal, morphological and electrochemical properties of the PEs was studied. The solid polymer electrolytes SPE membranes were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), polarized optical microscopy (POM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), complex impedance spectroscopy (ionic conductivity) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The obtained results evidenced an influence of the alkyl chain length of the IL anion on the temperature of degradation, birefringence, surface roughness and ionic conductivity of the membranes. The DSC, XRD and CV results showed independency from the length of the IL-anion-alkyl chain. The PEs displayed an predominantly amorphous morphology, a minimum temperature of degradation of 135°C, a room temperature (T = 25°C) ionic conductivity of 7.78 × 10-4 S cm-1 and a wide electrochemical window of ∼ 4.0 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-178
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Alkyl-chain length
  • Chitosan
  • Ionic liquid
  • Polymer electrolyte


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