Editorial: Biomarkers in Genitourinary Cancers, Volume I

Paula Alexandra Videira, Marco Borghesi, Eric A. Singer

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review

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Abstract

Genitourinary cancers are known as significant causes of mortality worldwide. This heterogeneous group includes, among others, the most common cancer in men, prostate cancer, the most common form of kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and the 10th most common cancer, bladder cancer. These entities present biological diversity with various histological subtypes and a poor prognosis when metastatic.

There has been considerable progress in treating patients with genitourinary cancers due to the improved understanding of their pathological mechanisms and the identification of meaningful biomarkers. The treatment progress has led to a fundamental paradigm shift in treatments. For example, our current understanding of the immunogenicity of these tumours has improved tremendously. Thanks to that, today, immunotherapy is a reliable strategy to improve the outcomes of patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, and prostate cancer. However, there is still a critical need to enrich our understanding of additional molecular mechanisms.

Along with the mechanisms, there is an urgent requirement to identify novel biomarkers to progress the diagnosis and prognosis of genitourinary cancers and their treatment. Biomarkers have become a significant focus of research, primarily on how they can help predict response to systemic therapy, identify treatment resistance, and avoid toxicities. Biomarkers that reveal the mutated tumour suppressor genes, the altered signalling pathways and the aberrantly expressed molecules help select potentially responsive patients to a given therapy. In this way, biomarkers improve outcomes and reduce costs related to ineffective treatments, and, most importantly, they significantly upsurge patients’ quality of life.

This Research Topic named Biomarkers in Genitourinary Cancers includes an interesting and up to date palette of publications from prominent research and clinical groups focused on identifying significant and emerging prognostic and predictive biomarkers. These biomarkers encompass non-coding RNA, serum proteins, gene expression, and glycans, among other entities identified in patients’ cohorts, samples and in the increasing number of public databases.
Original languageEnglish
Article number965294
Pages (from-to)1-3
Number of pages3
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • bladder cacner
  • genitourinary cancer
  • prostate cancer
  • renal cancer

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