Ecosystem service assessment for urban planning: a French case study

Pedro Cabral, Harold Levrel, Clément Féger, Mélodie Chambolle, Damien Basque

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

Ecosystems provide a varied range of services to people known as ecosystem services (ES) which contributepositively to human well-being. Thus, their quantification and integration into planning decisions has become increasingly important.In this study we analyzed ES provided by the landscape of the Urban Community of Bordeaux (CUB) in France. These ES were selected using a participatory approach with local stakeholders and involved the creation of scenarios of land use and cover change (LUCC) expressing alternative planning
options. Only open data was used. Results show that allthe analyzed ES, except erosionregulation, have decreased as a consequence of LUCC between 1990 and 2006. For year 2030, the "Plan" scenario, which integrates approved urban local plans, is the one that will cause more negative impacts on the CUB ES. Both "Conservation" scenarios present a more balanced situation allowing to choose between carbon storage improvement or agriculture preservation with a degradation on nitrogen and phosphorous retention ES. We also found that there is little or no tradeoff on nutrient and sediment retention services regardless of the scenario used.
This spatial explicit approach to ES modeling enables an informed discussion with the stakeholders about different planning options and their impact on ES and tradeoffs. Additionally, it may be used to effectively implement, monitor and communicate planning policies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnnual Meeting of the French Economic Association
Pages1-26
Number of pages26
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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urban planning
ecosystem service
land cover
stakeholder
land use
participatory approach
carbon sequestration
agriculture
degradation
nutrient
ecosystem
nitrogen
sediment
modeling
planning

Cite this

Cabral, P., Levrel, H., Féger, C., Chambolle, M., & Basque, D. (2015). Ecosystem service assessment for urban planning: a French case study. In Annual Meeting of the French Economic Association (pp. 1-26)
Cabral, Pedro ; Levrel, Harold ; Féger, Clément ; Chambolle, Mélodie ; Basque, Damien. / Ecosystem service assessment for urban planning: a French case study. Annual Meeting of the French Economic Association. 2015. pp. 1-26
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Cabral, P, Levrel, H, Féger, C, Chambolle, M & Basque, D 2015, Ecosystem service assessment for urban planning: a French case study. in Annual Meeting of the French Economic Association. pp. 1-26.

Ecosystem service assessment for urban planning: a French case study. / Cabral, Pedro; Levrel, Harold; Féger, Clément; Chambolle, Mélodie; Basque, Damien.

Annual Meeting of the French Economic Association. 2015. p. 1-26.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Chambolle, Mélodie

AU - Basque, Damien

N1 - Cabral, P., Levrel, H., Féger, C., Chambolle, M., & Basque, D. (2015). Ecosystem service assessment for urban planning: a French case study. In Annual Meeting of the French Economic Association (pp. 1-26)

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N2 - Ecosystems provide a varied range of services to people known as ecosystem services (ES) which contributepositively to human well-being. Thus, their quantification and integration into planning decisions has become increasingly important.In this study we analyzed ES provided by the landscape of the Urban Community of Bordeaux (CUB) in France. These ES were selected using a participatory approach with local stakeholders and involved the creation of scenarios of land use and cover change (LUCC) expressing alternative planningoptions. Only open data was used. Results show that allthe analyzed ES, except erosionregulation, have decreased as a consequence of LUCC between 1990 and 2006. For year 2030, the "Plan" scenario, which integrates approved urban local plans, is the one that will cause more negative impacts on the CUB ES. Both "Conservation" scenarios present a more balanced situation allowing to choose between carbon storage improvement or agriculture preservation with a degradation on nitrogen and phosphorous retention ES. We also found that there is little or no tradeoff on nutrient and sediment retention services regardless of the scenario used.This spatial explicit approach to ES modeling enables an informed discussion with the stakeholders about different planning options and their impact on ES and tradeoffs. Additionally, it may be used to effectively implement, monitor and communicate planning policies.

AB - Ecosystems provide a varied range of services to people known as ecosystem services (ES) which contributepositively to human well-being. Thus, their quantification and integration into planning decisions has become increasingly important.In this study we analyzed ES provided by the landscape of the Urban Community of Bordeaux (CUB) in France. These ES were selected using a participatory approach with local stakeholders and involved the creation of scenarios of land use and cover change (LUCC) expressing alternative planningoptions. Only open data was used. Results show that allthe analyzed ES, except erosionregulation, have decreased as a consequence of LUCC between 1990 and 2006. For year 2030, the "Plan" scenario, which integrates approved urban local plans, is the one that will cause more negative impacts on the CUB ES. Both "Conservation" scenarios present a more balanced situation allowing to choose between carbon storage improvement or agriculture preservation with a degradation on nitrogen and phosphorous retention ES. We also found that there is little or no tradeoff on nutrient and sediment retention services regardless of the scenario used.This spatial explicit approach to ES modeling enables an informed discussion with the stakeholders about different planning options and their impact on ES and tradeoffs. Additionally, it may be used to effectively implement, monitor and communicate planning policies.

M3 - Conference contribution

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Cabral P, Levrel H, Féger C, Chambolle M, Basque D. Ecosystem service assessment for urban planning: a French case study. In Annual Meeting of the French Economic Association. 2015. p. 1-26