Economic crises, historical regression and social conflicts: an essay

Raquel Varela, Valério Arcady

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The hypothesis of this article is that social pact carried CR out by European states collapsed irreversibly in southern Europe and I it was serious questioned in northern Europe, after the fallout of the global economic crisis in 2008. At various levels, most markedly in southern Europe than in the north, it has opened a historical dynamics of social regression. Greece, Portugal and Spain, for example, “Latin & americanized” in three years with poverty rate growing to 40 to 50% of the population. However, in urban contemporary societies, the destruction of the average living conditions of the majority of the population could never be done “cold”, that is, no colossal resistance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-412
Number of pages26
JournalJournal Crisis and Critic
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • labour
  • austerity
  • revolution
  • economic crisis
  • class struggle
  • capitalism


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