Ecological economics and sustainable governance of the oceans

Robert Costanza, Francisco Andrade, Paula Antunes, Marjan Van Den Belt, Don Boesch, Dee Boersma, Fernando Catarino, Susan Hanna, Karin Limburg, Bobbi Low, Michael Molitor, Joao Gil Pereira, Steve Rayner, Rui Santos, James Wilson, Michael Young

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


This paper is an introduction and synthesis of the papers that appear in this special issue devoted to the sustainable governance of the oceans. The special issue contains papers on various aspects of the problem, including: the ecological and economic importance of the oceans, the problems facing the oceans from an ecological economics perspective, the links between science and policy, the rationale for sustainable ocean governance, and examples of sustainable institutions and governance structures. We developed the 'Lisbon principles' of sustainable governance (responsibility, scale-matching, precaution, adaptive management, full cost allocation, and participation) as a core set of guidelines for sustainable ocean governance. We then describe the major problems facing the oceans in terms of how the principles are violated, and evaluate some suggested institutions in terms of how the principles are incorporated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-187
Number of pages17
JournalEcological Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999


  • Ecological and economics
  • Lisbon principles
  • World's oceans


Dive into the research topics of 'Ecological economics and sustainable governance of the oceans'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this