Early modification of sickle cell disease clinical course by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 gene promoter polymorphism

Rute Martins, Anabela Morais, Alexandra Dias, Isabel Soares, Cristiana Rolão, J. L. Ducla-Soares, Lígia Braga, Teresa Seixas, Baltazar Nunes, Gabriel Olim, Luísa Romão, João Lavinha, Paula Faustino

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elevated erythrocyte destruction in sickle cell disease (SCD) results in chronic hyperbilirubinaemia and, in a subset of patients, cholelithiasis occurs. We investigated whether the (TA)n promoter polymorphism in the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 gene (UGT1A1) may modify bilirubin metabolism, influencing bilirubinaemia, predisposition to cholelithiasis and subsequent cholecystectomy, in a group of 153 young SCD patients (mean age 12.0 ± 9.0 years) predominantly of Bantu beta S haplotype. The concomitant effect of alpha thalassaemia was also analysed. Among the several UGT1A1 genotypes found, the most frequent were the (TA)6/(TA)6 (n = 37), (TA) 6/(TA)7 (n = 60) and (TA)7/(TA)7 (n = 29). These groups of patients did not significantly differ in age, gender ratio and haemoglobin, foetal haemoglobin and reticulocyte levels. On the other hand, total bilirubin levels were significantly different between groups, with an increased (TA) repeat number being associated with higher bilirubinaemia. Furthermore, both cholelithiasis and cholecystectomy were more frequent in groups with higher (TA) repeat number, although the former association was not statistically significant. None of the mentioned parameters is statistically different within UGT1A1 groups with the presence of alpha thalassaemia. Thus, the UGT1A1 promoter polymorphism may represent an important nonglobin genetic modifier of Bantu SCD patients' clinical manifestations, even at a young age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-528
Number of pages5
JournalJournal Of Human Genetics
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • Alpha thalassaemia
  • Hyperbilirubinaemia
  • Modifier genes
  • Sickle cell disease
  • UGT1A1

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