Drug Delivery from PCL/Chitosan Multilayer Coatings for Metallic Implants

I. Soares, Jaime Moreira Machado Faria, A. C. Marques, Isabel A. C. Ribeiro, Carlos Baleizão, Ana F. Bettencourt, Isabel Ferreira, Ana Catarina Baptista

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Abstract

Implant-related infections, mainly caused by Staphylococcus aureus, are a major health concern. Treatment is challenging due to multi-resistant strains and the ability of S. aureus to adhere and form biofilms on bone and implant surfaces. The present work involved the preparation and evaluation of a novel dual polymeric film coating on stainless steel. Chitosan and polycaprolactone (PCL) multilayers, loaded with poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) microspheres encapsulating vancomycin or daptomycin, produced by the dip-coating technique, allowed local antibiotic-controlled delivery for the treatment of implant-related infections. Enhanced adhesion of the film to the metal substrate surface was achieved by mechanical abrasion of its surface. Studies have shown that for both drugs the release occurs by diffusion, but the release profile depends on the type of drug (daptomycin or vancomycin), the pH of the solution, and whether the drug is freestanding (directly incorporated into the films) or encapsulated in PMMA microspheres. Daptomycin freestanding films reached 90% release after 1 day at pH 7.4 and 4 days at pH 5.5. In comparison, films with daptomycin encapsulated microspheres reached 90% release after 2 h at pH 5.5 and 2 days at pH 7.4. Vancomycin encapsulated and freestanding films showed a similar behavior reaching 90% release after 20 h of release at pH 5.5 and 2 and 3 days, respectively, at pH 7.4. Furthermore, daptomycin-loaded films showed activity (assessed by agar diffusion assays) against sensitive (ATCC 25923) and clinically isolated (MRSA) S. aureus strains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23096-23106
Number of pages11
JournalACS Omega
Volume7
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2022

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