Downtown parking supply, work-trip mode choice and urban spatial structure✰,✰✰

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of changes in downtown parking supply on urban welfare, modal choice decisions and urban spatial structure using a spatial general equilibrium model of a closed monocentric city with two transport modes, endogenous residential parking and a form of bottleneck congestion at the CBD. Our analysis shows that parking reforms at the CBD that increase delay congestion costs in the short-run such as parking supply limits can be welfare improving if other commuting externalities such as air pollution can be reduced. In addition, because parking limits can also change location decisions such as where to live and invest they may complement anti-sprawl policies efforts by leading to a more compact urban spatial structure in the long run. We also show that changes in downtown parking supply can have different spatial impacts on the market supply of residential parking by affecting urban residents’ location decisions. Finally, we investigate whether the self-financing theorem of transportation economics holds within the context of our spatial urban model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-122
Number of pages16
JournalTransportation Research Part B: Methodological
Volume101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Fingerprint

Parking
city center
supply
welfare
equilibrium model
air pollution
resident
reform
Urban spatial structure
Mode choice
Air pollution
market
costs
economics
Economics
Costs

Keywords

  • Downtown parking
  • Modal choice
  • Parking capacity
  • Parking congestion
  • Urban form

Cite this

@article{ce4d7db4e366455e864784f771572222,
title = "Downtown parking supply, work-trip mode choice and urban spatial structure✰,✰✰",
abstract = "This paper examines the effects of changes in downtown parking supply on urban welfare, modal choice decisions and urban spatial structure using a spatial general equilibrium model of a closed monocentric city with two transport modes, endogenous residential parking and a form of bottleneck congestion at the CBD. Our analysis shows that parking reforms at the CBD that increase delay congestion costs in the short-run such as parking supply limits can be welfare improving if other commuting externalities such as air pollution can be reduced. In addition, because parking limits can also change location decisions such as where to live and invest they may complement anti-sprawl policies efforts by leading to a more compact urban spatial structure in the long run. We also show that changes in downtown parking supply can have different spatial impacts on the market supply of residential parking by affecting urban residents’ location decisions. Finally, we investigate whether the self-financing theorem of transportation economics holds within the context of our spatial urban model.",
keywords = "Downtown parking, Modal choice, Parking capacity, Parking congestion, Urban form",
author = "Franco, {Sofia F.}",
note = "Funding: FCT-Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia, Portugal, PTDC/IIM-ECO/4546/2014 and Multicampus Research Program and Initiative (MPRI) of the University of California (grant nr. 142934 )",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.trb.2017.03.012",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "107--122",
journal = "Transportation Research Part B-Methodological",
issn = "0191-2615",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Downtown parking supply, work-trip mode choice and urban spatial structure✰,✰✰

AU - Franco, Sofia F.

N1 - Funding: FCT-Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia, Portugal, PTDC/IIM-ECO/4546/2014 and Multicampus Research Program and Initiative (MPRI) of the University of California (grant nr. 142934 )

PY - 2017/7/1

Y1 - 2017/7/1

N2 - This paper examines the effects of changes in downtown parking supply on urban welfare, modal choice decisions and urban spatial structure using a spatial general equilibrium model of a closed monocentric city with two transport modes, endogenous residential parking and a form of bottleneck congestion at the CBD. Our analysis shows that parking reforms at the CBD that increase delay congestion costs in the short-run such as parking supply limits can be welfare improving if other commuting externalities such as air pollution can be reduced. In addition, because parking limits can also change location decisions such as where to live and invest they may complement anti-sprawl policies efforts by leading to a more compact urban spatial structure in the long run. We also show that changes in downtown parking supply can have different spatial impacts on the market supply of residential parking by affecting urban residents’ location decisions. Finally, we investigate whether the self-financing theorem of transportation economics holds within the context of our spatial urban model.

AB - This paper examines the effects of changes in downtown parking supply on urban welfare, modal choice decisions and urban spatial structure using a spatial general equilibrium model of a closed monocentric city with two transport modes, endogenous residential parking and a form of bottleneck congestion at the CBD. Our analysis shows that parking reforms at the CBD that increase delay congestion costs in the short-run such as parking supply limits can be welfare improving if other commuting externalities such as air pollution can be reduced. In addition, because parking limits can also change location decisions such as where to live and invest they may complement anti-sprawl policies efforts by leading to a more compact urban spatial structure in the long run. We also show that changes in downtown parking supply can have different spatial impacts on the market supply of residential parking by affecting urban residents’ location decisions. Finally, we investigate whether the self-financing theorem of transportation economics holds within the context of our spatial urban model.

KW - Downtown parking

KW - Modal choice

KW - Parking capacity

KW - Parking congestion

KW - Urban form

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85017102704&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.trb.2017.03.012

DO - 10.1016/j.trb.2017.03.012

M3 - Article

VL - 101

SP - 107

EP - 122

JO - Transportation Research Part B-Methodological

JF - Transportation Research Part B-Methodological

SN - 0191-2615

ER -