Does information break the political resource curse? Experimental evidence from Mozambique

Research output: Working paper

Abstract

The political resource curse is the idea that natural resources can lead to the deterioration of public policies through corruption and rent-seeking by those closest to political power. One prominent consequence is the emergence of conflict. This paper takes this theory to the data for the case of Mozambique, where a substantial discovery of natural gas recently took place.
Focusing on the anticipation of a resource boom and the behavior of local political structures and communities, a large-scale field experiment was designed and implemented to follow the dissemination of information about the newly-discovered resources. Two types of treatments provided variation in the degree of dissemination: one with information targeting only local political leaders, the other with information and deliberation activities targeting communities
at large. A wide variety of theory-driven outcomes is measured through surveys, behavioral activities, lab-in-the-field experiments, and georeferenced administrative data about local conflict. Information given only to leaders increases elite capture and rent-seeking, while information and deliberation targeted at citizens increases mobilization and accountability-related outcomes, and decreases violence. While the political resource curse is likely to be in play,
the dissemination of information to communities at large has a countervailing effect.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Publication series

NameNOVAFRICA Working Papers Series
No.1902
ISSN (Print)2183-0843

Keywords

  • natural resources
  • curse
  • natural gas
  • information
  • deliberation
  • rent-seeking
  • Mozambique

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