Documento de Consenso sobre a realização de ressonância magnética em doentes com dispositivos cardíacos electrónicos implantados

Translated title of the contribution: Consensus document on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with cardiac implanted electronic devices

Ana G. Almeida, Natália António, Carla Saraiva, António Miguel Ferreira, António Hipólito Reis, Hugo Marques, Nuno Dias Ferreira, Mário Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
131 Downloads (Pure)


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is currently considered an essential complementary method for diagnosis in many conditions. Exponential growth in its use is expected due to the aging population and a broader spectrum of clinical indications. Growth in its use, coupled with an increasing number of pacemaker implants, implantable cardioverter‐defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy, has led to a frequent clinical need for this diagnostic modality in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED). This clinical need has fueled the development of devices specifically designed and approved for use in a magnetic resonance (MR) environment under certain safety conditions (MR‐conditional devices). More than a decade after the introduction of the first MR‐conditional pacemaker, there are now several dozen MR‐conditional devices with different safety specifications. In recent years, increasing evidence has indicated there is a low risk to MRI use in conventional (so‐called non‐MR‐conditional) CIED patients in the right circumstances. The increasing number, as well as the greater diversity and complexity of implanted devices, justify the need to standardize procedures, by establishing institutional agreements that require close collaboration between cardiologists and radiologists. This consensus document, prepared jointly by the Portuguese Society of Cardiology and the Portuguese Society of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, provides general guidelines for MRI in patients with CIED, ensuring the safety of patients, health professionals and equipment. In addition to briefly reviewing the potential risks of MRI in patients with CIED and major changes to MRI‐conditional devices, this article provides specific recommendations on risk‐benefit analysis, informed consent, scheduling, programming strategies, devices, monitoring and modification of MRI sequences. The main purpose of this document is to optimize patient safety and provide legal support to facilitate easy access by CIED patients to a potentially beneficial and irreplaceable diagnostic technique.

Translated title of the contributionConsensus document on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with cardiac implanted electronic devices
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)41-52
Number of pages12
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Implanted electronic cardiac devices
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Pacemakers


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