Do tax reforms affect income distribution? Evidence from developing countries

Sanjeev Gupta, Joao Tovar Jalles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We empirically assess the impact of tax reforms on income distribution in developing countries. We apply the local projection method to a new "narrative" database of Mx reforms covering 45 emerging and low-income countries. Reforms of the personal income or strengthening of the revenue administration lower the disposable Gini and increase the bottom income share. This result does not hold for sub-Saharan Africa. To reduce inequality M a faster pace, it would be more effective to implement Mx reforms when the economy is growing relatively slowly. Finally, the smaller the government spending envelope and the smaller the Mx system, the larger the beneficial impact of Mx reforms on inequality.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105804
JournalEconomic Modelling
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Income distribution
  • Gini
  • Fiscal policy
  • Impulse response functions
  • Endogeneity
  • Nonlinearities
  • Government size


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