Do bednets reduce malaria transmission by exophagic mosquitoes?

J. Derek Charlwood, João Alcântara, João Pinto, Carla A. Sousa, Herodes Rompão, Vilfrido Gil, Virgílio E do Rosário

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Abstract

The impact of bednet coverage on malaria prevalence in a suburb of São Tomé was monitored, by passive case detection, over a three-year period (1997-1999), when bednet use increased from 20 to 74%. Malaria parasites were detected in 1651 (41.6%) of the 3967 slides taken during the study. All four human malaria parasites were seen, with Plasmodium falciparum being the predominant species (94.9% of positive slides). Prevalence of malaria among residents decreased, particularly in 1-4 year olds. In addition, there was a concomitant decrease in prevalence also among non-net users, suggesting a mass effect on transmission, even though the only vector in the area is largely exophagic and zoophilic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-904
Number of pages4
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume99
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

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Keywords

  • Bednets
  • Control
  • Exophagy
  • Malaria
  • Prevalence
  • São Tomé island

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