The impact of malolactic fermentation on the volatile composition of the trincadeira wine variety

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Use of commercial starters for malolactic fermentation (MLF) is a common practice, and outcomes of this procedure are very relevant for wine producers because aroma attributes might change according to the strain used. MLF was carried out in the Trincadeira wine variety in three batches: spontaneously and with inoculation of two different commercial starters. Wine extracts before and after MLF were obtained through liquid-liquid extraction. Gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometry analysis allowed the detection of 21 compounds, some of them tentatively identified through electron impact spectra comparison with a database, through interpretation of multistage mass spectrometry and chemical ionization mass spectrometry spectra and confirmation by comprehensive multidimensional gas chromatography/time of flight-mass spectrometry (GC x GC/ToF-MS). After MLF, an increase in ethyl lactate, g-butyrolactone and diethyl succinate and a drop in isoamyl acetate, ethyl octanoate, ethyl decanoate, 2,3-dimethyl-hexan-3-ol, propanol, isobutanol and 2,3-butanediol was observed. The concentrations of the 10 compounds are statistically different in wines before and after MLF, and wines after MLF show significant differences for the nine compounds.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)898-913
JournalJournal Of Food Biochemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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