Distributed RSS-Based Localization in Wireless SensorNetworks Based on Second-Order Cone Programming

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53 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose a new approach based on convex optimization to address the received signal strength (RSS)-based cooperative localization problem in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). By using iterative procedures and measurements between two adjacent nodes in the network exclusively, each target node determines its own position locally. The localization problem is formulated using the maximum likelihood (ML) criterion, since ML-based solutions have the property of being asymptotically efficient. To overcome the non-convexity of the ML optimization problem, we employ the appropriate convex relaxation technique leading to second-order cone programming (SOCP). Additionally, a simple heuristic approach for improving the convergence of the proposed scheme for the case when the transmit power is known is introduced. Furthermore, we provide details about the computational complexity and energy consumption of the considered approaches. Our simulation results show that the proposed approach outperforms the existing ones in terms of the estimation accuracy for more than 1.5 m. Moreover, the new approach requires a lower number of iterations to converge, and consequently, it is likely to preserve energy in all presented scenarios, in comparison to the state-of-the-art approaches
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18410-18432
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014


  • Cooperative localization
  • Distributed localization
  • Received signal strength (RSS)
  • Second-order cone programming (SOCP) problem
  • Wireless localization
  • Wireless sensor network (WSN)


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