Directed giving: Evidence from an inter-household transfer experiment

Catia Batista, Dan Silverman, Dean Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate the determinants of giving in a lab-in-the-field experiment with large stakes. Study participants in urban Mozambique play dictator games where their counterpart is the closest person to them outside their household. When given the option, dictators do a large fraction of giving in kind (in the form of goods) rather than cash. In addition, they share more in total when they have the option of giving in kind, compared to giving that can only be in cash. Qualitative post-experiment responses suggest that this effect is driven by a desire to control how recipients use gifted resources. Standard economic determinants such as the rate of return to giving and the size of the endowment also affect giving, but the effects of even large changes in these determinants are significantly smaller than the effect of the in-kind option. Our results support theories of giving where the utility of givers depends on the composition (not just the level) of gift-recipient expenditures, and givers thus seek control over transferred resources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-21
Number of pages20
JournalJournal Of Economic Behavior & Organization
Issue numberSI
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015


  • Altruism
  • Dictator game
  • Giving
  • Inter-household transfers
  • Mozambique
  • Sharing


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