Direct integration of pervaporation as a sample preparation method for a dedicated "electronic nose"

Carmen C. S. Pinheiro, Thomas Schäfer, João G. Crespo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The present study investigates the possibility of monitoring the bioproduction of a complex aroma profile with an analytical electronic aroma-sensing technique, the so-called "electronic nose", combined with a pervaporative sample enrichment method necessary to overcome the ethanol interference on the sensors' response. It presents in detail the development of a direct integrated pervaporation-electronic nose unit for a simple and fast analysis, which are key criteria for this technique to be broadly implemented. The system developed was investigated using model solutions simulating the muscatel wine must fermentation. It proved to be able to evaluate different relevant aroma compounds in solutions of varying degree of complexity, and also in the presence of ethanol, which is a major interference on the sensors' response to the aromas. The transient sensors' response was investigated in detail, revealing information for sample discrimination and reducing the analysis time. The system developed allowed a simple, fast, and selective analysis, therefore permitting a high sample throughput over time, with the possibility of fully automation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4927-4935
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005


  • Chemical sensors
  • Electronic nose
  • Nose e-nose


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